Revision Guide (2nd ed.)

The format of the exam is to answer a choice of three essay questions from a choice of six.

The easiest way to fail the examination is not to answer the required number of questions.

In each question demonstrating that you know what the concept, or concepts, addressed are will ensure that your answer gains a pass mark. Any additional references to real-world examples, other concepts from literature, and having a critical discussion will all propel the mark upwards.

The most effective approach to revision is probably to read the suggested articles highlighted on this website and to read the sections of the text-book suggested below, remembering that the most important aim is to identify key terms and be able to show you understand them.

Targeted Textbook Readings

In an ideal world you would sit down with the textbook and read it carefully from cover to cover; in the real world it is efficient time-management to skip some of the less relevant sections. As promised I shall also provide a translation of this targeted reading to the previous edition of the textbook.

Chapter 1

Be able to define “innovation” and “entrepreneurship”: p 10 – 11
Typology of innovation processes : 19 – 22, 30 – 35

Chapter 2

Social Entrepreneurship: 54 – 59

Chapter 3

National Systems of Innovation: 94 – 107

Chapter 4

Processes of Creativity: 164 – 171

Chapter 5

Knowledge Push/ Need Pull : 204 – 210
User-led Innovation: 222 – 227

Chapter 6

Open innovation: 264 – 269

Chapter 7

Forecasting Innovation: 306 – 315

Chapter 8

Innovation Networks: 341 – 351

Chapter 10

New Ventures 429 – 442

Chapter 11

Intellectual Property: 481 – 481

Chapter 12

Business Models: 511 – 519

Chapter 13

Managing Innovation: wrapping up: 540 – 561

If you have any questions, just email Dr Graham at